What is the role of a web developer?

Web developers are responsible for designing and developing website applications and websites. They manage the functionality of a site, implementing new features and security measures. They oversee creating reliable and high performing web applications for a company.


  • Create reliable and high performing web applications and services
  • Managing the back end
  • Write programming code
  • Plan and test new applications
  • Test and analyse sites and applications
  • Troubleshoot and fix bugs
  • Run performance benchmarking tests
  • Test new features whilst ensuring old features still function effectively
  • Update web designers and developers on the progress and project updates
  • Document and communicate code with other developers

Typical tech stack:

The tech stack of developers will vary drastically based and depends on their area of specialism, however, most web developers are likely to be expected to at least be strong in understanding of:

  • JavaScript
  • CSS
  • HTML

Types of web developer:

  • front end developer
  • Back-end developer
  • Full stack developer 


  • BA degree in computer science, software engineering or web design/development
  • Have technical knowledge of languages, frameworks, and data management systems
  • High attention to detail
  • Strong teamwork skills and great level of independence also
  • Excellent communication skills

Professional development:

To progress in this role, it is necessary to obtain a higher skill level through qualifications from The Chartered Institute for IT in information security, software testing, IT management etc. You will then be able to progress to a more senior role as a developer after a few years in the job. You will have the opportunity to take on larger projects and work closely with clients or even manage a team yourself.

Alternative careers:

  • Software engineer
  • Graphic designer
  • Game developer
  • Applications developer
  • Multimedia specialist